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Archive for the ‘Asterisk’ Category

Asterisk 1.4 Command Line Interface reference (CLI)

Posted by Michael Brown on May 28, 2007

I’m in the process of re-building my Asterisk VOIP PBX to support the new features of 1.4, and to add videoconferencing capabilities so my kids can video chat with their grandparents (both being under 4 years of age, they don’t do conventional phones too well). Having used products from Newbridge, Alcatel, and Cisco in the past, I am familiar with their management capabilities, which usually entail a command line interface, or CLI, as well as any GUI-based utilities. Usually, these are accessed from a serial management port, or via telnet on a management IP network. Since Asterisk runs on any compatible Linux platform, it has several different means for management, including SSH. Given that I SSH into my server using TuSSH on my Treo on a regular basis, it makes sense to have a quick reference of the CLI commands in a Treo/Palm memo. Asterisk has a nice help command on the CLI, but it doesn’t work too well on TuSSH, since there is no easy way to scroll on the Palm client.

So, I used Asterisk’s method of running CLI commands in shell scripts in order to get this stuff into a text file, which I’ve uploaded to this blog here: Asterisk 1.4 CLI commands.

As your Asterisk user or root, type:

asterisk -rx "help" > AsteriskCLI.txt

The same trick could be used to save copies of dialplans, extentions, users, etc., which you could commit to SVN or CVS version control systems, use “diff” to audit differences between versions, etc. The command line interface can be a powerful tool. I’ve included the help listing below in this Blog entry for your reference.

Asterisk 1.4 CLI commands

! Execute a shell command

abort halt Cancel a running halt

ael debug contexts Enable AEL contexts debug (does nothing)
ael debug macros Enable AEL macros debug (does nothing)
ael debug read Enable AEL read debug (does nothing)
ael debug tokens Enable AEL tokens debug (does nothing)
ael nodebug Disable AEL debug messages
ael reload Reload AEL configuration

agent logoff Sets an agent offline
agent show Show status of agents
agent show online Show all online agents

agi debug Enable AGI debugging
agi debug off Disable AGI debugging
agi dumphtml Dumps a list of agi commands in html format
agi show List AGI commands or specific help

cdr status Display the CDR status

console active Sets/displays active console
console answer Answer an incoming console call
console autoanswer Sets/displays autoanswer
console boost Sets/displays mic boost in dB
console dial Dial an extension on the console
console flash Flash a call on the console
console hangup Hangup a call on the console
console mute Disable mic input
console send text Send text to the remote device
console transfer Transfer a call to a different extension
console unmute Enable mic input

core clear profile Clear profiling info
core set debug channel Enable/disable debugging on a channel
core set debug Set level of debug chattiness
core set debug off Turns off debug chattiness
core set global Set global dialplan variable
core set verbose Set level of verboseness
core show applications Shows registered dialplan applications
core show application Describe a specific dialplan application
core show audio codecs Displays a list of audio codecs
core show channels Display information on channels
core show channel Display information on a specific channel
core show channeltypes List available channel types
core show channeltype Give more details on that channel type
core show codecs Displays a list of codecs
core show codec Shows a specific codec
core show config mappings Display config mappings (file names to config engines)
core show file formats Displays file formats
core show file version List versions of files used to build Asterisk
core show functions Shows registered dialplan functions
core show function Describe a specific dialplan function
core show globals Show global dialplan variables
core show hints Show dialplan hints
core show image codecs Displays a list of image codecs
core show image formats Displays image formats
core show license Show the license(s) for this copy of Asterisk
core show profile Display profiling info
core show switches Show alternative switches
core show threads Show running threads
core show translation Display translation matrix
core show uptime Show uptime information
core show version Display version info
core show video codecs Displays a list of video codecs
core show warranty Show the warranty (if any) for this copy of Asterisk

database del Removes database key/value
database deltree Removes database keytree/values
database get Gets database value
database put Adds/updates database value
database show Shows database contents
database showkey Shows database contents

dialplan add extension Add new extension into context
dialplan add ignorepat Add new ignore pattern
dialplan add include Include context in other context
dialplan reload Reload extensions and *only* extensions
dialplan remove extension Remove a specified extension
dialplan remove ignorepat Remove ignore pattern from context
dialplan remove include Remove a specified include from context
dialplan save Save dialplan
dialplan show Show dialplan

dnsmgr reload Reloads the DNS manager configuration
dnsmgr status Display the DNS manager status

dundi debug Enable DUNDi debugging
dundi flush Flush DUNDi cache
dundi lookup Lookup a number in DUNDi
dundi no debug Disable DUNDi debugging
dundi no store history Disable DUNDi historic records
dundi precache Precache a number in DUNDi
dundi query Query a DUNDi EID
dundi show entityid Display Global Entity ID
dundi show mappings Show DUNDi mappings
dundi show peers Show defined DUNDi peers
dundi show peer Show info on a specific DUNDi peer
dundi show precache Show DUNDi precache
dundi show requests Show DUNDi requests
dundi show trans Show active DUNDi transactions
dundi store history Enable DUNDi historic records

feature show Lists configured features
feature show channels List status of feature channels

file convert Convert audio file

group show channels Display active channels with group(s)

gtalk reload Enable Jabber debugging
gtalk show channels Show GoogleTalk Channels

help Display help list, or specific help on a command

http show status Display HTTP server status

Iax2 provision Provision an IAX device
iax2 prune realtime Prune a cached realtime lookup
iax2 reload Reload IAX configuration
iax2 set debug Enable IAX debugging
iax2 set debug jb Enable IAX jitterbuffer debugging
iax2 set debug jb off Disable IAX jitterbuffer debugging
iax2 set debug off Disable IAX debugging
iax2 set debug trunk Enable IAX trunk debugging
iax2 set debug trunk off Disable IAX trunk debugging
iax2 show cache Display IAX cached dialplan
iax2 show channels List active IAX channels
iax2 show firmware List available IAX firmwares
iax2 show netstats List active IAX channel netstats
iax2 show peers List defined IAX peers
iax2 show peer Show details on specific IAX peer
iax2 show provisioning Display iax provisioning
iax2 show registry Display IAX registration status
iax2 show stats Display IAX statistics
iax2 show threads Display IAX helper thread info
iax2 show users List defined IAX users
iax2 test losspct Set IAX2 incoming frame loss percentage

indication add Add the given indication to the country
indication remove Remove the given indication from the country
indication show Display a list of all countries/indications

jabber debug Enable Jabber debugging
jabber debug off Disable Jabber debug
jabber reload Reload Jabber configuration
jabber show connected Show state of clients and components
jabber test Shows roster, but is generally used for mog’s debugging.

keys init Initialize RSA key passcodes
keys show Displays RSA key information

local show channels List status of local channels
logger mute Toggle logging output to a console
logger reload Reopens the log files
logger rotate Rotates and reopens the log files
logger show channels List configured log channels
manager show command Show a manager interface command
manager show commands List manager interface commands
manager show connected List connected manager interface users
manager show eventq List manager interface queued events
manager show users List configured manager users
manager show user Display information on a specific manager user

meetme Execute a command on a conference or conferee

mgcp audit endpoint Audit specified MGCP endpoint
mgcp reload Reload MGCP configuration
mgcp set debug Enable MGCP debugging
mgcp set debug off Disable MGCP debugging
mgcp show endpoints List defined MGCP endpoints

mixmonitor Execute a MixMonitor command.

module load Load a module by name
module reload Reload configuration
module show List modules and info
module show like List modules and info
module unload Unload a module by name

moh reload Music On Hold
moh show classes List MOH classes
moh show files List MOH file-based classes

no debug channel (null)

odbc show List ODBC DSN(s)

originate Originate a call

pri debug span Enables PRI debugging on a span
pri intense debug span Enables REALLY INTENSE PRI debugging
pri no debug span Disables PRI debugging on a span
pri set debug file Sends PRI debug output to the specified file
pri show debug Displays current PRI debug settings
pri show spans Displays PRI Information
pri show span Displays PRI Information
pri unset debug file Ends PRI debug output to file

queue add member Add a channel to a specified queue
queue remove member Removes a channel from a specified queue
queue show Show status of a specified queue

realtime load Used to print out RealTime variables.
realtime update Used to update RealTime variables.

restart gracefully Restart Asterisk gracefully
restart now Restart Asterisk immediately
restart when convenient Restart Asterisk at empty call volume

rtcp debug ip Enable RTCP debugging on IP
rtcp debug Enable RTCP debugging
rtcp debug off Disable RTCP debugging
rtcp stats Enable RTCP stats
rtcp stats off Disable RTCP stats

rtp debug ip Enable RTP debugging on IP
rtp debug Enable RTP debugging
rtp debug off Disable RTP debugging

say load set/show the say mode

show parkedcalls Lists parked calls
show queues (null)

sip history Enable SIP history
sip history off Disable SIP history
sip notify Send a notify packet to a SIP peer
sip prune realtime Prune cached Realtime object(s)
sip prune realtime peer Prune cached Realtime peer(s)
sip prune realtime user Prune cached Realtime user(s)
sip reload Reload SIP configuration
sip set debug Enable SIP debugging
sip set debug ip Enable SIP debugging on IP
sip set debug off Disable SIP debugging
sip set debug peer Enable SIP debugging on Peername
sip show channels List active SIP channels
sip show channel Show detailed SIP channel info
sip show domains List our local SIP domains.
sip show history Show SIP dialog history
sip show inuse List all inuse/limits
sip show objects List all SIP object allocations
sip show peers List defined SIP peers
sip show peer Show details on specific SIP peer
sip show registry List SIP registration status
sip show settings Show SIP global settings
sip show subscriptions List active SIP subscriptions
sip show users List defined SIP users
sip show user Show details on specific SIP user

skinny reset Reset Skinny device(s)
skinny set debug Enable Skinny debugging
skinny set debug off Disable Skinny debugging
skinny show devices List defined Skinny devices
skinny show lines List defined Skinny lines per device

sla show stations Show SLA Stations
sla show trunks Show SLA Trunks

soft hangup Request a hangup on a given channel

stop gracefully Gracefully shut down Asterisk
stop now Shut down Asterisk immediately
stop when convenient Shut down Asterisk at empty call volume

stun debug Enable STUN debugging
stun debug off Disable STUN debugging

udptl debug Enable UDPTL debugging
udptl debug ip Enable UDPTL debugging on IP
udptl debug off Disable UDPTL debugging

voicemail show users List defined voicemail boxes
voicemail show zones List zone message formats

zap destroy channel Destroy a channel
zap restart Fully restart zaptel channels
zap show cadences List cadences
zap show channels Show active zapata channels
zap show channel Show information on a channel
zap show status Show all Zaptel cards status

Posted in Asterisk, Technology, VOIP | 3 Comments »